“15% fatality rate” from coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection was based only on initial cases; infection fatality rate likely less than 3%

The 15% fatality rate from coronavirus (2019-nCoV) applied only to the initial cluster of 41 patients with confirmed infection and severe symptoms, as reported in The Lancet. Coronavirus infections can also produce mild symptoms, which likely went undetected. The mortality rate based on a group of more than 800 patients with laboratory-confirmed infection suggests that the fatality rate is closer to 3%.

Justin Bieber’s facial paralysis is caused by a viral infection; no evidence that COVID-19 vaccine played a role

Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a rare neurological condition caused by the varicella-zoster virus in people who had chickenpox. Once the person recovers from chickenpox, the virus remains dormant in nerve tissue, but can reactivate depending on the circumstances in the form of shingles. Ramsay Hunt syndrome occurs when shingles affects the facial nerve, causing facial paralysis and hearing loss. Current evidence doesn’t indicate that COVID-19 vaccination increases the risk of reactivation of the virus, but COVID-19 itself might.

SADS is caused by genetic mutations affecting the electrical system regulating heartbeat; no evidence it is caused by COVID-19 vaccines

Reports of sudden arrhythmia death syndrome (SADS) date back to the early 1990s. SADS is the result of genetic mutations that disrupt the electrical system that regulates the pumping action of the heart. This can lead to abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia) and sudden cardiac arrest. Some people who have these conditions may not exhibit any symptom at all; others may be prone to seizures as well as fainting under physical or emotional stress. The SADS Foundation recommends that people with SADS conditions get the COVID-19 vaccine.

Large-scale studies have found that COVID-19 vaccination doesn’t increase the risk of negative pregnancy outcomes, contrary to claim by Naomi Wolf

Pregnant women are among those at a higher risk of developing severe COVID-19, which also increases the risk of pregnancy complications like early birth. Such complications could also have cascading negative effects on their babies. COVID-19 vaccination reduces the risk of severe COVID-19 in pregnant women, and therefore can reduce the risk of complications and negative outcomes in both the mother and baby.

Published research from the Wuhan Institute of Virology didn’t describe artificially created monkeypox strains; the research is unrelated to the 2022 monkeypox outbreak

Researchers from the Wuhan Institute of Virology synthesized a genetic sequence representing less than a third of the whole monkeypox genome. Their work did not recreate an entire virus. The genome sequence they used is from a virus belonging to the Congo Basin monkeypox clade, whereas the 2022 monkeypox outbreak involves a monkeypox virus from the West Africa clade. The published research is thus unrelated to the outbreak.

Monkeypox outbreak triggers conspiracy theories on social media claiming that it was planned or incorrectly linking it to COVID-19 vaccines

Several countries in Europe, America, and Asia are notifying cases of monkeypox cases in people with no recent travel history to regions where the disease is endemic, that is, limited regions in Central and West Africa where the virus circulates. While the spread of the monkeypox virus in non-endemic countries is unusual and concerning, the cases detected so far are unlikely to cause a pandemic like SARS-CoV-2 did. The main reasons are that the number of cases is low, the virus doesn’t spread very easily, and smallpox vaccines also protect against monkeypox infection.

Following COVID-19 vaccination, the spike protein is produced in small quantities in the body without causing harm and is cleared naturally within days

The spike protein is a vital component for the SARS-CoV-2 virus to infect cells. As it is situated on the virus’s surface, it is an easy target for the immune system to recognize. The COVID-19 vaccines cause the body to produce a small amount of spike protein, which is cleared within days, to prompt an immune response. There is no evidence that the spike protein causes damage to cells at these levels, and there is no evidence that “detox” diets will alter this process. The risks of developing serious complications like blood clots or lung damage are far higher after severe COVID-19 than after a vaccine; in fact, vaccination helps to reduce this risk instead.