Reviewers

Abraham Al-Ahmad

Assistant Professor, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

Expertise: Blood-Brain Barrier, Stem Cells, Neurosciences

Jana Anderson

Research Fellow, University of Glasgow

Expertise: Public health, Epidemiology, Epigenetics, Nutrition

Danielle E. Anderson

Assistant Professor, Duke-NUS Medical School

Expertise: Virology, Infectious diseases

Nicolette Bishop

Reader (School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences), Loughborough University

Expertise: Exercise, Immunology, Sports physiology

Elvira Carrió Gaspar

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Swiss Tropical Public Health Institute

Expertise: Infectious diseases, Malaria, Stem cells, Epigenetics

Robert Carson

Assistant Professor, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University

Expertise: Pediatric neurology

Teja Celhar

Research Scientist, Singapore Immunology Network

Expertise: Autoimmunity, Systemic lupus erythematosus

Martin Chaumont

Physician, Department of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital

Expertise: Cardiology, Respiratory medicine

Martin Clift

Associate Professor, Swansea University

Expertise: Air Pollution, Nanoparticles, Nanotoxicology, Lungs, Human Health

Jeffrey Cohen

Director, Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis Treatment and Research

Expertise: Multiple sclerosis, Bone marrow transplant

Stuart Dashper

Professor (Oral Microbiology), Melbourne Dental School, University of Melbourne

Expertise: Oral microbiology

Simon Drysdale

Consultant and Senior Lecturer (Paediatric Infectious Diseases), St George's, University of London

Expertise: Flu, Pediatrics, Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Nina Fefferman

Professor, Department of Mathematics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Expertise: Epidemiology, Mathematical modeling, Microbial ecology

Ivo Foppa

Senior Research Scientist, Batelle Memorial Institute

Expertise: Epidemiology, Infectious diseases, Vaccination

Victoria Forster

Postdoctoral Fellow, The Hospital for Sick Children

Expertise: Pediatric cancers, Effects of chemotherapy

Mark Freedman

Senior Scientist (Neuroscience), Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Expertise: Bone marrow transplants, Multiple sclerosis

Marta Garcia-Miralles

Senior Research Fellow, Department of Physiology, National University of Singapore

Expertise: Neurobiology, Neurodegenerative diseases

Christopher Gardner

Professor of Medicine, Stanford University

Expertise: Nutrition, Health policy

Clare Gerada

Medical Director, Practitioner Health Programme, National Health Service

Expertise: Mental health, Substance abuse

David A Gorelick

Professor (Department of Psychiatry), University of Maryland

Expertise: Drug addiction, Pharmacology, Psychiatry

Wayne Hall

Professor, University of Queensland and King's College London

Expertise: Addiction, Epidemiology of drug use and harm, Drug policy

Violaine K Harris

Senior Research Scientist, Tisch MS Research Center of New York

Expertise: Multiple sclerosis, Bone marrow transplant

Harri Hemilä

Senior Researcher (Department of Public Health), University of Helsinki

Expertise: Nutrition, Dietetics, Infectious Diseases, Immunology

Roy Homburg

Head of Research (Homerton Fertility Centre), Homerton University Hospital

Expertise: Polycystic ovary syndrome, Reproductive medicine

David C. Irwin

Associate Professor, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine

Expertise: Hemoglobin, Hypoxia

Hanif Javanmard Khameneh

Postdoctoral Researcher, Institute for Research in Biomedicine, University of Lugano

Expertise: Immunology, Autoimmunity, Inflammation

Leigh Jones

Head of Training, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit

Expertise: Nutrition, Immunology

Amel Karaa

Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School

Expertise: Mitochondrial diseases, Metabolic disorders, Clinical genetics

A. Marm Kilpatrick

Professor, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz

Expertise: Epidemiology, Disease ecology, Population biology

Sebastian Kirchner

Research Associate, Wellcome Centre for Integrative Parasitology, University of Glasgow

Expertise: Infectious diseases, Malaria, Epigenetics, Microbiology, Antibiotics

Lilian Kisiswa

Senior Research Fellow, Life Sciences Institute, National University of Singapore

Expertise: Neuroscience

Sujit Kootala

Researcher, Department of Chemistry, Uppsala University

Expertise: Biomaterials, Regenerative medicine, Tissue engineering

William Ledger

Professor (Obstetrics & Gynaecology), University of New South Wales

Expertise: Polycystic ovary syndrome, Reproductive medicine

Renaud Mahieux

Professor, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon

Expertise: Retroviral oncogenesis, Virology

Simona Mandini

Assistant Professor, Center of Biomedical Studies Applied to Sport, University of Ferrara

Expertise: Sports science, Sports physiology

Roland Martin

Director (CRPP Multiple Sclerosis), University Hospital Zurich

Expertise: Multiple sclerosis, Bone marrow transplant

Duane Mellor

Senior Lecturer, Coventry University

Expertise: Nutrition, Diabetes

Brendan Orner

Senior Lecturer (Department of Chemistry), King's College London (until 2016)

Expertise: Protein engineering, Phage display, Chemical and synthetic biology

Mehrak Paydar

Research Associate, The Scripps Research Institute

Expertise: Cannabis, Drug pharmacology, Neuroscience

Joshua G. Petrie

Research Investigator, University of Michigan School of Public Health

Expertise: Flu, Flu vaccine, Epidemiology, Respiratory virus infections

Luís Rama

Assistant Professor (Faculty of Sport Sciences & Physical Education), University of Coimbra

Expertise: Exercise physiology, Sport sciences, Immunology

Angéline Rouers

Research Fellow, Singapore Immunology Network

Expertise: Immunology, Human immunodeficiency virus

Riccardo Saccardi

Professor, Careggi University Hospital

Expertise: Multiple sclerosis, Bone marrow transplant

Andrew J Saxon

Professor (Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences), University of Washington

Expertise: Drug toxicology, Cannabis, Drug addiction

Mark Slee

Associate Professor, Flinders University

Expertise: Clinical neurology, Clinical neuroimmunology, Multiple sclerosis

Sukhwinder Sohal

Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania

Expertise: Respiratory diseases, Diabetes

Elisabet Stener-Victorin

Professor (Department of Physiology and Pharmacology), Karolinska Institute

Expertise: Polycystic ovary syndrome, Reproductive endocrinology

Karina Top

Associate Professor (Division of Pediatrics), Dalhousie University

Expertise: Pediatrics, Vaccines, Epidemiology

James E Turner

Senior Lecturer (Department for Health), University of Bath

Expertise: Exercise physiology, Immunology

Craig Zalvan

Chief of Otolaryngology, Phelps Hospital

Expertise: Laryngology (Voice, swallow, cough, reflux disorders)

Guest contributors

Aaron T. Irving

Senior Research Fellow, Duke-NUS Medical School

Expertise: Virology, Bat immune system

Aaron Lazorwitz

Assistant Professor (Obstetrics & Gynecology), School of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver

Expertise: Obstetrics and gynecology

Aaron M. Milstone

Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Expertise: Pediatrics, Infectious diseases, Epidemiology

Abram L Wagner

Research Assistant Professor (Epidemiology), School of Public Health, University of Michigan

Expertise: Epidemiology, Public health

Adam S Cheifetz

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School

Expertise: Gastroenterology, Crohn's disease

Adit Ginde

Professor of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine

Expertise: Emergency medicine, Vitamin D, Infectious diseases

Akiko Iwasaki

Professor, Yale School of Medicine

Expertise: Virology, Immunology

Alexandra McCarthy

Professor, School of Nursing, University of Auckland

Expertise: Cancer care

Alexis Shub

Senior Lecturer, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne

Expertise: Obstetrics and gynecology, Obesity

Andrea Chronis-Tuscano

Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Maryland

Expertise: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Psychology

Andrew F. Scheyer

Postdoctoral Researcher, Mediterranean Institute of Neurobiology

Expertise: Behavioral neuroscience, Cannabis

Andrew Koemeter-Cox

Associate Director, Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research

Expertise: Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease

Anitra Carr

Associate Professor, Department of Pathology and Biomedical Science, University of Otago

Expertise: Vitamin C, Infectious diseases, Nutrition

Ankit Patel

Nephrologist, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Expertise: Nephrology

Anna-Barbara Moscicki

Chief of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Los Angeles

Expertise: Adolescent medicine, Human papillomavirus, Sexual health

Asier Sáez-Cirión

Group Leader, Institut Pasteur

Expertise: HIV, Immunology

Awnish K Singh

Secretariat (National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India

Expertise: Vaccine safety, Public safety, Epidemiology

Beate Kampmann

Professor (Pediatric Infection & Immunity), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Expertise: Infectious diseases, Vaccines, Pediatrics

Christina Wyatt

Associate Professor of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine

Expertise: HIV, Kidney disease

Christopher Labos

Associate, McGill Office for Science and Society

Expertise: Epidemiology, Cardiology, Biostatistics

Daniel Grossman

Professor (Obstetrics & Gynecology) and Director, Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health, UCSF

Expertise: Obstetrics and gynecology

Daniel Kuritzkes

Professor, Harvard Medical School

Expertise: HIV, Antiretroviral therapy

Daniel Salmon

Professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Expertise: Vaccines, International health

David Hoskin

Professor (Departments of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology), Dalhousie University

Expertise: Cancer

David T Rubin

Professor of Medicine, University of Chicago

Expertise: Gastroenterology, Crohn's disease

David Smith

Professor Emeritus (Pharmacology), Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford

Expertise: Pharmacology, Alzheimer's disease, Dementia

David Spiegelhalter

Winton Professor of the Public Understanding of Risk, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge

Expertise: Statistics, Public understanding of risk

David Wohl

Professor of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Expertise: HIV, Infectious disease, Ebola

Dee A. Carter

Professor in Microbiology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Sydney

Expertise: Antimicrobials, Infectious diseases

Devin Kirk

Postdoctoral Scholar, Stanford University

Expertise: Infectious disease, Ecology

Diane M Harper

Professor, University of Michigan Medical School

Expertise: HPV associated diseases, Screening and prevention of cervical cancer

Donald I Abrams

Professor, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco

Expertise: Oncology, Medical cannabis

Eleanor Riley

Professor (Immunology and Infectious Disease), University of Edinburgh

Expertise: Infectious diseases, Immunology, Malaria

Elizabeth Appiah-Kusi

Trainee Clinical Psychologist, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust

Expertise: Psychology, Cannabinoids

Elizabeth Isenring

Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine, Bond University

Expertise: Nutrition, Cancer

Elizabeth B Owens

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of California Berkeley

Expertise: Child psychology, ADHD

Eng Eong Ooi

Professor & Deputy Director, Emerging Infectious Diseases Programme, Duke-NUS Medical School

Expertise: Immunology, Epidemiology

Eva Hadadi

Postdoctoral Fellow, French National Institute of Health and Medical Research

Expertise: Immunology, Cancer cell biology, Cancer stem cells

Eva Nozik-Grayck

Professor (Pediatrics-Critical Care Medicine), University of Colorado Denver

Expertise: Pulmonary medicine, Lung biology, Critical care

Fariborz Taghipour

Professor, University of British Columbia

Expertise: Chemical engineering, Desinfection, UV

François Balloux

Professor, University College London

Expertise: Genetics, Molecular evolution

Frank de Vocht

Reader, University of Bristol

Expertise: Environmental health, Occupational health, Electromagnetic fields

Fyodor Urnov

Professor, Innovative Genomics Institute, Berkeley, CA, USA

Expertise: Gene Editing, Genomics

Gerard Vockley

Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Expertise: Pediatrics, Genetics, Inborn errors of metabolism

Ian Frazer

Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland

Expertise: Immunology, Vaccines

W. Ian Lipkin

Professor of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

Expertise: Epidemiology, Virology, Diagnostics, Outbreak response

Irfan Rahman

Professor, Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester

Expertise: Respiratory medicine, COPD

Isaac K Sundar

Assistant Professor (Department of Environmental Medicine), University of Rochester Medical Center

Expertise: Smoking-related chronic lung diseases

Isabelle Lagroye

Director of Study, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes

Expertise: Electromagnetic fields, Environmental health

Jack Cuzick

John Snow Professor of Epidemiology, Wolfson Institute, Queen Mary University of London

Expertise: Cancer, Epidemiology

James D Cherry

Professor (Pediatrics), David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles

Expertise: Pediatrics, Infectious Disease

Jan Palmblad

Professor, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute

Expertise: Alzheimer's disease, Omega-3 fatty acids, Hematology

Jeffrey Shaman

Professor, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

Expertise: Environmental health, Infectious diseases

Jeffrey Yunes

Independent researcher, Yunes Foundation for Research on Aging

Expertise: Bioinformatics, Computational biology, Aging, Bioengineering

John A. Lednicky

Research Professor, Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida

Expertise: Infectious diseases, Virology, Influenza

John Mitchell

Assistant Professor, Duke Institute for Brain Sciences

Expertise: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Psychiatry

Jonathan Baell

Professor, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Expertise: Medicinal chemistry, Drug design

Josef Penninger

Professor (Department of Medical Genetics), University of British Columbia

Expertise: Inflammation, Stem cells, Developmental biology

Julie Bernhardt

Professor, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health

Expertise: Stroke rehabilitation and recovery

Kathleen O'Reilly

Assistant Professor, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Expertise: Epidemiology, Vaccines, Infectious diseases

Kerry-Ann O'Grady

Senior Research Fellow, Queensland University of Technology

Expertise: Respiratory illnesses, Pediatrics

Kevin Ault

Professor, University of Kansas School of Medicine

Expertise: HPV vaccine, Cervical cancer

Kevin C Klatt

Postdoctoral Associate, Baylor College of Medicine

Expertise: Nutrition, Metabolism

Kevin McConway

Emeritus Professor of Applied Statistics, The Open University

Expertise: Statistics

Kristina Allers

Researcher, Charité Universitätsmedizin

Expertise: HIV

Larry Goldstein

Professor, School of Medicine, University of Kentucky

Expertise: Neurology, Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disorders

Leo Poon

Professor, University of Hong Kong

Expertise: Virology, Influenza, Coronaviruses

Linfa Wang

Professor, Duke-NUS Medical School

Expertise: Virology, Bat-borne viruses

Lone Simonsen

Professor, Department of Science and Environment, Roskilde University

Expertise: Influenza, Epidemiology, Global health

Manuel Guzmán

Professor, School of Biology, Complutense University of Madrid

Expertise: Cannabinoid signalling, Brain cancer, Neurogenesis

Marcela Bucekova

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore

Expertise: Honeybee products, Antimicrobials, Natural bioactive compounds

Marc Lipsitch

Professor of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Expertise: Epidemiology, Infectious diseases

Margreet Vissers

Professor, Centre for Free Radical Research, University of Otago

Expertise: Health effects of Vitamin C, Immunity

Maurizio Vacca

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, National University of Singapore

Expertise: Immunology, Inflammation, Vaccines

Megan Huchko

Associate Professor (Obstetrics & Gynecology and Global Health), Duke Global Health Institute

Expertise: Cervical cancer, Global women's health

Micaela Martinez

Assistant Professor, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

Expertise: Infectious diseases, Ecology

Michael Binks

Senior Research Fellow, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University

Expertise: Respiratory illnesses, Vaccines, Pediatrics

Michael Farzan

Professor, Scripps Research Institute

Expertise: Virology, Infectious diseases, HIV

Michael J Imperiale

Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan

Expertise: DNA tumor viruses, Cancer

Mohammad Sajadi

Associate Professor , University of Maryland School of Medicine

Expertise: HIV, Virology

Natalie Dean

Assistant Professor, University of Florida

Expertise: Biostatistics, Clinical Trial Design

Neal Benowitz

Professor Emeritus, School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco

Expertise: Nicotine pharmacology, Tobacco-related disease

Neal Halsey

Professor Emeritus, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Expertise: Infectious diseases, Vaccines

Nicholas Wood

Associate Professor, School of Medicine, University of Sydney

Expertise: Paediatrics, Infectious diseases, Vaccines

Nina Masters

PhD Student (Epidemiology), University of Michigan

Expertise: Epidemiology, Vaccine, Vaccine hesitancy

Nural Cokcetin

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, ithree Institute, University of Sydney

Expertise: Antimicrobials, Medicinal honey

Parker A Small

Professor Emeritus, Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida

Expertise: Influenza, Vaccine, Paediatrics

Paul Glasziou

Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine, Bond University

Expertise: Evidence-based practice, Health research

Pedro Plans-Rubió

Public Health Official, Public Health Agency of Catalonia

Expertise: Public health, Health economics

Peter McIntyre

Professor, School of Medicine, University of Sydney

Expertise: Paediatric infectious diseases, Vaccines

Philip D Darney

Professor, Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health

Expertise: Obstetrics and gynecology

Rachel Baker

Postdoctoral Research Associate, Princeton Environmental Institute

Expertise: Infectious disease dynamics, Virology, Epidemiology

Raymond Tzer Pin Lin

Associate Professor, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore

Expertise: Clinical microbiology, Public health

Robert Carnahan

Associate Professor (Pediatrics and Radiology and Radiologic Sciences), Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Expertise: Vaccines, Antibodies, Cancer

Robert Norman

Professor (Reproductive and Periconceptual Medicine), University of Adelaide

Expertise: Polycystic ovary syndrome, Reproductive medicine

Robin Shields-Cutler

Assistant Professor, Macalester College

Expertise: Gut microbiome, Microbiology

Rob Menzies

Senior Lecturer, Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales

Expertise: Infectious diseases, Immunization

Robyn Schickler

Obstetrician-Gynecologist and Fellow, Physicians for Reproductive Health

Expertise: Obstetrics and gynecology

Rodney Croft

Professor, University of Wollongong Australia

Expertise: Health psychology, Electromagnetic fields

Ronald Hofmann

Associate Professor, University of Toronto

Expertise: UV, Disinfection, Water Treatment,

Rose Chesworth

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Western Sydney University School of Medicine

Expertise: Behavioral neuroscience, Addiction

Rosemary Stanton

Nutritionist and Visiting Fellow, University of New South Wales

Expertise: Nutrition

Russell Pachynski

Assistant Professor, Washington University School of Medicine

Expertise: Cancer, Cancer immunology

Samuel Alizon

Senior Researcher, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)

Expertise: Evolution of infectious diseases, Epidemiology

Sanjay Mishra

Staff Scientist, Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Expertise: Vaccines, Infectious diseases

Sheena Sullivan

Associate Professor, Doherty Institute

Expertise: Influenza, Epidemiology

Shona Blair

Head of Research Strategy, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London

Expertise: Antimicrobials, Medicinal honey

Skye Marshall

Research Fellow, Bond Institute of Health and Sport, Bond University

Expertise: Nutrition, Cancer

Sofia Morra

Cardiologist, Erasme University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Expertise: Cardiology

Stefan Jordan

Postdoctoral Fellow, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Expertise: Immunology, Inflammation

Stephanie Christenson

Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco

Expertise: Pulmonary medicine, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder

Stephen Burgess

Programme Leader, MRC Biostatistics Unit, University of Cambridge

Expertise: Statistics, Population health

Stephen S. Morse

Professor, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

Expertise: Epidemiology, Infectious diseases, Virology

Tanis Fenton

Adjunct Associate Professor, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary

Expertise: Nutrition

Thozhukat Sathyapalan

Professor, Hull York Medical School

Expertise: Endocrinology, Diabetes

Todd Lanman

Spinal Neurosurgeon, Cedars-Sinai & UCLA Medical Centers, Lanman Spinal Neurosurgery

Expertise: Neurosurgery

Tom Marshall

Professor, Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham

Expertise: Cardiovascular diseases, Public Health

Valter Longo

Professor of Biological Sciences, Leonard Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California

Expertise: Cell biology and genetics, Regulation of aging

Victor Tseng

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Emory University

Expertise: Pulmonary medicine, Critical care

Walter A. Orenstein

Professor, Emory University School of Medicine

Expertise: Vaccines, Pediatrics

William Anderson

Professor, University of Waterloo

Expertise: Chemical engineering. Desinfection, Antimicrobials, UV