Jessica P Johnson

Biology Editor

CLAIM REVIEWS

Gargling salt water or vinegar may soothe a sore throat, but it will not eliminate COVID-19

CLAIM
"Gargling with warm water and salt or vinegar eliminates the virus [SARS-CoV-2]"

SOURCE: Facebook users, Facebook, Twitter

Published: 27 Mar 2020

VERDICT

The coronavirus that causes COVID-19 is real; the story that claims otherwise is a work of fiction

CLAIM
"There is no ‘coronavirus’"

SOURCE: Facebook users, Facebook

Published: 25 Mar 2020

VERDICT

Claim that not all smokers develop lung discoloration ignores severe health risks linked to smoking

CLAIM
"The black lung lie: It’s the widespread belief that smokers’ lungs turn black."

SOURCE: Frank Davis, cfrankdavis.wordpress.com

Published: 31 Dec 2019

VERDICT

HIV drug Truvada linked to kidney damage and bone density loss, but risks are low and usually outweighed by the drug’s benefits

CLAIM
"You took Truvada to help protect against HIV, not increase your risk of kidney or bone problems."

SOURCE: Anonymous, A Case for Women

Published: 24 Dec 2019

VERDICT

Bone spurs occasionally form at the base of human skulls, but their growth has not been linked to the use of handheld devices

CLAIM
"‘Horns’ are growing on young people’s skulls. Phone use is to blame, research suggests."

SOURCE: Isaac Stanley-Becker, The Washington Post

Published: 19 Nov 2019

VERDICT